Best Bachelorette Party Games
These days, it is difficult to find the best bachelorette party games. It seems every lady’s night features the same been-there-done-that games you’ve seen at every other bachelorette party you’ve attended.
Here are Some Great Lists of Unique Games:
If you want to plan a spectacular night for your bride-to-be, you absolutely must have the most unique bachelorette party games. Here are several suggestions that should make the night truly memorable!
Seriously. This might be one of the best bachelorette party games ever invented. You probably don’t need to read any farther on this list.
We have no idea who came up with the concept of Fundies, but they were pretty genius. I mean, who wouldn’t want to jump into a pair of underwear with another person?!
Imagine this: one pair of Fundies, two girls, four leg holes, lots of booze, relay races down the hallway. Totally immature? Yes. Ideal bachelorette bonding? You bet. Worthy of blackmail photographs? Absolutely.
We told you this would be a list of ideas you’ve never heard of before! Invite the girls over for a little craft session. This isn’t the craft session of old, where ladies would come together to knit. This is for the seriously glamorous girly-girls who would love to own a custom-made pair of kicks (which, of course, is way cooler than designer these days).
Decorate heels, flats, whatever. Use glitter, decoupage, paint, bows, beads and everything else you can get your hands on. Surprise the bride and wear your finished products to the rehearsal dinner.
Friars Club Roast
As the big day draws near, the wedding party is probably feeling a little vindictive! In this situation, one of the best bachelorette party games might be a roast. This can be a great free bachelorette party game as long as you don’t go overboard.
Tell the ladies ahead of time what you are doing. Make sure they write down their jokes beforehand. This will ensure the stories are memorable and funny – not boring, pointless or super hurtful. It helps if her friends have known her for awhile and are fairly outgoing.
Not all brides have thick enough skin for something like this, but the ones who do will really enjoy it. This bachelorette party game could easily morph into a Jack and Jill party game. Bring the guys and roast the groom too.
Invite the girls over to watch a steamy, bachelorette movie. Go all out with decorations, food, and beverages that match the movie theme. Tell all the ladies they must come in costume and abide by the theme of the night. Need some suggestions of hot-guy movies that lend themselves well to costumes? Try…
- Casino Royale – You could watch Daniel Craig be sexy for the duration of the movie. Or, you could just keep rewinding the beach scene with his little blue Speedo.
- John Carter of Mars – Never heard of this one? We’re not surprised. The movie itself isn’t anything spectacular. But, Taylor Kitsch half naked for nearly two hours does the trick.
- Dirty Dancing – Do we really need to elaborate on this one?!
- Pretty Woman – Again, no explanation necessary!
- American Gigolo – And speaking of Richard Gere’s junk…
Sex Toy Party
This idea probably isn’t suited to all types of ladies. But the ones that it appeals to will really enjoy it! Even the most uptight bride might think it is fun to break the mold for the night and try something new. When else will you have the chance to experiment and try something totally scandalous? Plus, if you host the party at home, no one has to worry about being seen in a sex toy shop!
Let’s face it. The bride is stressed. The MOH is stressed. Everyone is stressed over the upcoming wedding. Wouldn’t this be the perfect time to kick back and enjoy a few laughs? Dress the bride-to-be up in the traditional party veil and sash. Sit her in the front row and she’ll enjoy the spotlight just as much as the comedian on stage.
Murder Mystery Party
“Till death do us part,” takes on a whole new meaning when you play a murder mystery game. Here are two great suggestions:
Maybe the bride is tired of being the center of attention. Maybe she is feeling a little overindulgent. If that is the case, she’ll probably be on board for a service-oriented bachelorette party. You can still gather all the ladies and have a great time together, but you’ll be doing it while making an important impact in someone else’s life.
What do you think of our list? These truly are the best bachelorette party games, right?!
The Right Supplies
Though its kinda silly, part of the fun of a bachelorette party are the party favors and naughty party supplies. No matter what type of party you plan, some of these items are a must.
It’s a struggle to find unique bachelorette party games. What’s even more frustrating is the fact that not everyone enjoys drunken nights of debauchery and exposed male body parts. And it seems that is the only entertainment options available for the ultimate lady’s night. If you’d like some good, clean, fun at your bachelorette party, consider cornhole. Cornhole Explained Before we can expect you to jump on the bandwagon of this awesome idea, we’d better explain what cornhole is! You might not even be aware of this festive game. Cornhole (sometimes known as corn toss, baggo, or bags) is a simple bean bag toss game. The equipment consists of two wooden platforms built at an angle with a hole in the center (called cornhole boards) and 4 bean bags per player. Players take turns tossing their cornhole bags at the board. If a bag passes through the hole, it earns three points. If a bag just lands on the board but doesn’t go through the hole, it earns one point. If the bag doesn’t make it onto the board, it scores zero points. The first team to reach or exceed 21 points wins. That’s just an overview. If you’ve never played and hope to have the game at your bachelorette party, you’ll want to do some additional research. We suggest the all-inclusive cornhole guide published by Custom Corntoss. Custom Corntoss also has a wide selection of cornhole boards and bags if you don’t already have a set. Combining Cornhole with Bachelorettes If you are familiar with cornhole, you probably associate it with tailgating parties before sporting events or male bonding at backyard BBQs. Cornhole might not seem like the most obvious choice for a bachelorette party, but hear us out! 1. Cornhole is a good ice breaker. Most bachelorette parties are a strange conglomeration of people. The bride’s friends and family will probably be there, but there could be people mixed in who are familiar with the groom. There is a pretty good chance everyone is not acquainted and things could be awkward. Before party guests are expected to do intimate things together, like stuff dollar bills down a stripper’s g-string, it’s a good idea to break the ice. Get to know each other a little better. Trash talking over cornhole boards is a great way to let your guard down. Bring out the boards and help the girls get chatty. 2. Cornhole can be played anywhere. Unlike other bachelorette party games that force you to drive all over the city or travel to the spa or hop from bar to bar, cornhole can be played anywhere. 3. Cornhole is inexpensive. You don’t need to spend a fortune on your cornhole equipment—unless you want to. You can easily find inexpensive boards and bags. Now, if you choose to customize a set (which we highly recommend), you’ll have a valuable keepsake the bride will cherish forever. 4. Cornhole is customizable. Custom cornhole boards with matching bags will really make things festive. You can either buy personalized boards or do the customizing yourself. You could even get a plain set of boards and let the ladies do the decorating at the bachelorette party. Let each partygoer add their own unique contribution to help the bride remember the special event. 5. Cornhole...
One great way to turn an average bachelorette party into a spectacular event is to decide on a theme. Of course, that also makes it easier for you to select some fun bachelorette party games for everyone to enjoy, as well. Disney Princess If the bachelorette is a fan of Disney movies, having a Disney princess-themed party may be just the way to ensure a great night. One way you can do this is to have everyone dress as their favorite princess. Another idea, which focuses more on the bride-to-be, is to base the party around her favorite Disney princess and allow only her to dress as that princess. This reinforces the idea that the night is all about her. For some extra entertainment, you can even watch the Disney movies. It’s sure to bring back some great memories. Fancy Another good theme is to just make everything fancy. Even if you don’t go out for the evening, get dressed up in your best clothes and make-up. You can spend the evening sipping martinis and cosmopolitans. This kind of a party is a lot of fun, without having to go over the edge to make it happen. Your girlfriends are sure to already have everything they need to look and feel fancy for the night. Naughty This is the last chance the bride has to get really wild. Perhaps a night where everyone dresses a bit suggestive and plays a few naughty bachelorette party games is just what you need. Romantic Comedy This also might be the perfect occasion for a movie night. Pick some of your favorite romantic comedies that her future husband might not have the desire to watch with her. This idea works so well because it contains the humor needed to keep everyone entertained, and the romantic aspect is sure to touch a nerve with the soon-to-be bride. It’s really a great idea for a bachelorette party. Pick Your Theme and Run with It Once you pick your theme, you need to really get into it. A theme party works really well as long as you go all out. With just a few props it seems like a normal party, but when you pay attention to all the little details, it takes things to a whole new level. The only thing more important than your theme is the...
No doubt you’ve encountered an expanse of bachelorette party games on this site. Some of them you’ll snap up eagerly and others you might prefer walking on hot coals than participate in. Your bachelorette party is the last time to hang out with your friends as a single woman. This is a moment, a notch in history that should be commemorated. But how? Obviously there’s the typical answer–take pictures. But then what? Scrapbooking seems to have gone the way of the dinosaur. So, what about a new-fangled way to preserve your last moments of singlehood? May we present to you the idea of making a bachelorette party magazine? Magazine Misconceptions Some people see the, “make a magazine,” suggestion and think it’s far too difficult a project to attempt. We’re here to alleviate that concern. There are a number of magazine making companies available for your specific desires. Of course, the next concern is that this endeavor will cost far too much money. Amazingly enough, you don’t have to own a publishing company to put a magazine together. In fact, you can do it for free online. We talked with this company—Priority One Clearing Services—about the magazine publishing process. According to a representative from Priority One Clearing Services, it isn’t difficult to make your own magazine from the comfort of your living room! Designing and publishing the magazine is free. Then you can choose to purchase as many as you want at a price that’s not too hard to swallow. Yes, it’s more than newsstand, but it’s like buying a piece of artwork–one you created! Prices are variable, so do your research. Some companies provide a set fee, other’s charge by the page. Some have layouts for you to choose from so you can cut and paste, while others require a little more graphic skill. Regardless, you can make a magazine commemorating your bachelorette party for yourself and all who attend. For Games and Gifts Some of the best bachelorette party games will fit the magazine genre better than others. Try writing down your friends’ answers to games like, “I never…” and “What’s she thinking?” Or, you can make copies of the bachelorette word search or bingo games you play. The best part of your magazine will definitely be the pictures. You can have your friends write articles about memories they have with you or their hopes for your future. If you plan on using this as a gift for them you could include your own articles about them in the magazine. However you choose to layout your magazine, this will be an amazing addition to your bachelorette party experience and will create lasting memories. Your friends will love it! Magazine Manifesto Your bachelorette party magazine is your platform, or manifesto, for aiding your attendees. You’re giving them an opportunity to brush up on their writing abilities, smile wide for the camera and be a part of something that will immortalize an important moment in your life. Embrace your magazine manifesto! If you’ve got additional bachelorette party memorabilia ideas, we’d love to hear them. Also, if you’ve got other party games that would fit well in the magazine layout, please include them in our comments section! If you’d like to know more about print publications or get ideas on what...
Planning the perfect bachelorette party comes down to more than deciding whether to include clean bachelorette party games or naughty bachelorette party games. You also have to figure out the perfect location. As always, much of this is going to come down to the tastes of the bachelorette, but consideration should be taken to help ensure that everyone has a good time. At Your House A fun bachelorette party can certainly be thrown at your own house. One benefit is that you and the girls can have a few cocktails without having to worry about designating a driver or calling a cab. You also have great control over the activities. You can set up everything to be perfect for the bride-to-be, rather than relying on another establishment to do it for you. At an Art Museum An art museum has a lot of benefits for a bachelorette party. Everyone can get dressed up and look nice. Then when you go out, the bride can receive attention and praise, without having to worry about unwanted advances. This is the perfect setting to have a night out, without worry. It is certainly worth considering. Roller Rink If the bride is going to miss her wilder days, it might be worth a night out at a roller rink. This will allow her the opportunity to get the male attention she craves and practice her moves on the floor. Comedy Club A bachelorette party is all about having a good time. There are few better ways to do that than enjoying a few laughs together. Find a stand-up comic that everyone enjoys and head out for an entertaining evening. Yoga Studio Another fun location is a yoga studio. The future bride can work on her flexibility and, more importantly, relax a bit more. This is an activity everyone can enjoy. Spa Another way to relax, without having to put forth all the effort, is a night at the spa. A nice massage and maybe some aroma therapy is a great way to get everyone to loosen up a bit. Enjoy Your Night No matter where you end up, it’s important that everyone enjoy themselves. Of course, it’s most important that the future bride enjoys herself. Find out where she would like to go and get the ball rolling. Show her that you support her future and enjoy a wonderful evening together before she embarks on her new...
A bachelorette party can be a great time, but it requires a bit of planning. You want to make sure you include a few of the best bachelorette party games you can find, along with several other activities that can keep everyone entertained. Remember that you want everyone to be happy, but this night is all about the bride-to-be. When choosing activities, be sure you focus on what she likes and doesn’t like. With that in mind, let’s look at a few options for a great bachelorette party. Fondue A fondue party is always fun, no matter what the occasion is. It can be a bit messy, but it’s sure to be a good time. Get a pot to melt the cheese in and a few of everyone’s favorite foods, and you’ll be well on your way to a good night. Of course, cheese isn’t the only thing you can fondue. Chocolate fondue is sure to be a hit at your bachelorette party. Karaoke One of the better clean bachelorette party games is karaoke. Whether you go to a karaoke bar, or you have girls sing in the comfort of your own home, it’s sure to bring smiles. The best part of karaoke is that it gets everyone to open up. You have to push aside some of your anxiety to sing in front of people, and this will end up relaxing the girls and getting them to socialize much more easily. Truth or Dare This will help you take yourself back to your high school days. Since this life is being left behind as two people look to make their own life together, it makes sense to celebrate with a bit of nostalgia. Movie Night Another throwback to your younger days might be a movie party. Watch romantic comedies, and other movies, her future husband might not be inclined to watch. Pajamas and ice cream are optional, although certainly encouraged. Spa Night As much as we look forward to our wedding day, the planning and execution can be very stressful. A trip to a spa might be just what is needed. Give the future bride a chance to relax with a nice facial and a massage. Who wouldn’t love that? Plan the Perfect Night With a little consideration, you can plan a night to remember. The bride-to-be, and all her friends, will enjoy themselves, and you’ll be the...
Bachelorette parties are a right of passage. While they’re known in pop culture for their debauchery, they don’t have to be a big party. Sometimes the bride doesn’t drink or isn’t a big party person. Sometimes what is really needed isn’t a night of clubbing, but a little TLC and relaxation. It’s all a matter of what the bride wants—as it should be. This doesn’t mean you can’t have fun. In fact, you can turn most anything into fun bachelorette party games. If you are looking for some bachelorette party ideas that are different from the norm and cater to the tastes and preferences of the bride, consider the following fabulous ideas. Do Yoga Yoga is great for centering your thoughts and bringing focus to your life. During the hectic race to the bridal finish line, a yoga class with the bridal party can be a welcome relief and the de-stressing activity everyone involved is yearning for. This can be accomplished by renting out a studio or by hiring a yoga instructor to come to you at the location of your choice. Try Vitamin Injections Yet another way to de-stress and get some quality “you” time is with vitamin injections. Vitamin injections are known to help reduce stress and anxiety – and let’s face it, all members of the wedding party can benefit from a decrease in that area. As an added bonus, vitamin injections also help make hair and nails look healthier while boosting your energy, leaving you rejuvenated. Amino Pharmaceuticals sells vitamin injections, including B12. Consider bringing in a nurse to talk to everyone about the benefits of vitamin injections and guide you through the process. Pamper yourselves and have fun. Go White Water Rafting or Rock Climbing If you want an adventure, consider white water rafting or rock climbing. This is perfect for the sports loving bride. If risk and thrill isn’t your idea of fun, but you love the water, consider sailing or kayaking. For those that aren’t close to water, consider rock climbing – which can be done indoors or outside. Either way, plan a picnic or another reward for after. You can have fun while you burn off some of that stress and help get your body wedding ready. Try Dancing or Pole Dancing Just because you don’t want to go out to a club, doesn’t mean you can’t bring the fun to you. Have a dance party at home. Hire a choreographer and plan a private dance session. Want to get a little naughty? Learn the fine art of pole dancing and learn some new skills while having fun at the same time. Play Paintball If the bride is a little less princess and more nitty-gritty, consider having a paintball party. Team up and have fun. Incorporate prizes, make your own rules and leave your wedding stress behind. If paintball doesn’t sound like fun, try an archery class or finish the day off at a shooting range. Just be careful—the bride needs to look good on her big day. Bruises and black eyes are discouraged so resist the need to make things too competitive. The most important thing is that you have fun. Don’t feel like you have to adhere to the bachelorette party norm. You don’t have to break the bank....
Hens’ Night is all about making the most of the bride’s last time of being a bachelorette. A great way to jump starts it than with some party games for all of the participants to enjoy. However, most activities on most Hens night are often too offensive for some people. To make sure everyone can have a great time, below are some clean bachelorette party games for you to consider. Game # 1: Guess Who? For this game, you’ll need an empty box, papers, and some pen. Everyone needs to write the name of a person on a piece of paper and drop it into the box. Once everyone is able to place their entry into the box, you now need to pick one participant. This person must pick one paper from the box at random. They place the paper onto their forehead and try to guess what is written on it. The participant can narrow it down by asking yes or no questions from the crowd. This game shouldn’t cost you too much and it allows everyone to participate. However, consider using decorative paper and pens to make the activity more meaningful. To make it more fun, consider having them write down the name of celebrities or of themselves. Game # 2: Your Dream Groom It is recommended to play “your groom” in a public venue such as a resort or night club. The bride must have the ugliest picture of their groom with them throughout the night. This can be a snapshot of him when he is sleeping with a drool on his mouth or when he had one too many drink in one occasion. For the guests, they will be given a code word. If they say this in front of the bride, she must show them the picture of their groom. She must tell them she is marrying him. If she is able to do this without uttering a smile, the participant who said the code word should buy her a drink. Game # 3: Make Your Own Wedding Dress Most women dream of wearing their own wedding dress one day. With this activity, you can make their dream come true. The objective of the game is to create a wedding dress out of toilet paper. Participants are grouped together and assign one of them to be their “bride”. The team must create the wedding dress on the bride and make it look better than the others. For this game, you will need a large pile of toilet paper for the dress. To make it more fun, everyone can use other items around the venue as decorations to improve the design. Once the wedding dress if finish, “the bride” must walk across the room as if she is on a catwalk. You can have the groom himself to judge the artistic value of the dress the teams made. Make sure you take lots of pictures so the bride can post them to her social media account later (if she is too embarrassed, you’ll have to do it for her!). The bachelorette party games mentioned above should make your hens night an enjoyable event for everyone. Always make sure all of your guests are relaxed and are having a grand...
A wedding is a season when your dream to be with your lover forever comes true. After a few days, and the bride turns into the wife. The bachelorette party is a very significant holiday for the bride and it is necessary to make the best bachelorette party games. Besides, a bachelorette party is a lot of fun, and there are a lot of naughty games from the friends of the bride with obstacle games. Brides tend to focus on celebrating both single and married life and every of them want to make unforgettable party. Fun and naughty bachelorette party games must be during the celebrating. The following games are fast to create and affect the laughter all around. Incision the Cucumber Every participant of the party is given the cucumber and the little knife. The task is to cut out the exact representation of the male member for twenty minutes. After finishing the task, the bride will judge every of them. Do not forget to make photos for future descendants. Find the Darling Groom Invite the groom and three-four other men to play the hilarious game. The bride’s mission is to find her future husband with blindfolded eyes. Every male participator has to pull the trousers up to the knee, after then the bride defines the groom. Fun is bound to ensue. Confess to Everybody, “I never…” This is the best game for the company that got drunk a bit. There is no doubt that everyone wants to play it several times. First, be sure that players are ready to play it and then, sit everybody in the circle or around the table. Everyone should have a true statement from his real life. She/ he must confess a dastardly thing that was happening in the life. Everybody of the participants that has done the same thing must take a shot. This game is best to play when everyone feels comfortable and relax. Games with Drinks It is one of the best competitions that can be during the bachelorette party. The friends create the drinks with ugly names and the bride will taste them and choose the best one. We offer you some of the well-known theme drinks for bachelorette party games: The Blow Job How naughty does it sound? Perhaps, it is one of the most popular party drinks in the world. It got its name because of its palatable taste. One can find the recipe on the Internet. Between the Sheets It is a drink with a hard taste, full of the alcohol and a pretty savory. This content is also easy to find in the WWW. A Comfortable Screw It is one of the favorite cocktails of many ladies who ever has tasted it. Almost every girl knows how to create it. Screaming Orgasm If someone wants to order a Screaming Orgasm, he is looking for an Orgasm with vodka. Another description is useless. Tasty Orgasm Well … is any introduction needed? There are a great variety of themed parties, it is your own task what to choose, but there is a need to choose that kind of party that give you pleasure. It is important to create the party for yourself and relax. About the author: Paul Smith is a professional writer. He differs from the others...
Below are some of my all time favorite bachelorette party games. The Question Game One of the most fun bachelorette party games you can play is The Question Game, where you ask the bachelorette’s fiance a series of crazy questions about their relationship prior to the weekend of the big day, then you ask her the same questions and see if they match up. For this particular party, You’ll need videotaped the fiance answering the questions, which will get a little awkward, then play it at the party. Play the questions, pause it and let her answer, then play his answer. Also have the bachelor do a cute, little “Hope you’re enjoying your party, love you and miss you intro at; if the bachelorette’s answer matches up with her fiance’s, she gets to open a present. If she’s wrong, she takes a shot. Another creative variation of the game is having the other girls at the party guess the answer before the bride-to-be does. We did this at a bachelorette party this past weekend and it was a lot of fun. I Never If you are of the wild breed you might want to consider some clean bachelorette party games for the sake of those who will attend and might be offended or embarrassed by some games, for example the bride’s mother. Clean bachelorette parties might also come in handy in case the bride-to-be, her friends and her family are very religious and might find something’s a bit vulgar. But not worry there are actually a number of bachelorette party games that are meant to be clean but yet crazy. Such as I Never, This game was initially played using alcohol shots and played as a drinking game. You can modify this game in any way you would like, each participant is given a certain number of poker chips. People then go in turn saying things they have never done, like “I have never had a one night stand”. Someone which has indeed had a one night stand then has to throw a chip at the center of the table. Everyone has a chance and by the end of it all whoever has more chips remaining wins. However remember to keep the questions discrete lest you embarrass or offend someone. Pole Dancing Pole dancing bachelorette parties are a great way to celebrate the end of the single life, create memories with your pals and launch into wedded bliss with some new knowledge that may spice up the honeymoon. Lots of brides are strapping on stilettos for a night of pole dancing. Unlike hiring a stripper or heading to the strip club for the bachelorette party, every women should feel.We thought we’d turn it up a notch! taking your girls Pole Dancing to spice up your party and to do something fun with your best gal pals. A lovely instructor will guide you ladies to pole dancing 101, all the while dressed in your sexy best rocking it out via pole! Learn the hottest tricks and tips and discover what that inner you has been wanting to do for so long. So grab the pole by the horns and unleash that sexy you because it’s time to see what you are made of. Scavenger Hunt If you’re planning a bar crawl for...
If you are gearing up for a bachelorette party, you might be looking for some games to play. We’ll list some fun bachelorette party games here for you to choose from; they are guaranteed to get the party started! Lingerie Guessing Game Every party guest brings lingerie as a gift for the bride to be, and these are hung around the room for everyone to see. The bride writes down on a sheet of paper who she thinks brought each gift. Every time she gets one wrong, she must take a drink. Every time she gets one right, the guests must take a drink. If there are a lot of guests, the bride and/or the crowd will be tipsy before it is over! Did he Say it? This is a favorite of the fun bachelorette party games: Make up a list of 10 questions, and have the groom answer them. Make the questions as racy or tame as you wish. (Examples: Where is the craziest place you ever had sex? What is your partner’s sexiest body part?) Then have another male answer the same questions. Ask the questions and give the answers, then ask the bride which answer is from the groom. Every time she makes a mistake, she must take a drink. Every time she gets one right, the guests drink. Pass the Vibrator This game is definitely belongs in the list of naughty bachelorette party games. It involves a test of strength and endurance using a vibrator. Wand style vibrators like the hitachi magic wand are best for this game. Everybody stands in a circle, the vibrator is then turned on and placed between the first persons knees. The idea of the game is to pass the vibrator from on person to the other without dropping it. The person who drops the vibrator has to do a forfeit such as take a shot or do a dare. I Have Never… Go around the room and have each guest start a sentence with I have never… and then finish it with something they have never done. (Example: I have never made love in an elevator.) If the guests have done this specific thing, they must take a drink. Sexy Scavenger Hunt This game works whether you are going out on the town or staying in. If you do not plan to go barhopping, hide items in the back yard, and make each item a general category (for example lingerie or a pair of fur-lined handcuffs would both be a ‘Sexy Bedroom Item’. Separate into teams, and give prizes to the winning team. If you are going out on the town, items could be as tame as a book of matches, or as racy as a pair of men’s underpants. Dress Up Game Buy a veil, wedding dress, gloves, or other wedding day items at a thrift shop. The rattier these items look, the more fun the game is (just make sure they are clean!) Have the guests sit in a circle and place the items in the middle. Have each guest roll the dice, and when they get doubles, they must go into the middle of the circle and try to put on all the items before the next person rolls doubles. This game is hilarious after a few drinks,...